March 1st – The Books Of Iris Murdoch
The Iris Murdoch Society (no longer updated, but still good list of books and resources)
Interview in Paris Review: Iris Murdoch, The Art of Fiction No. 117
The Guardian, Bidisha: The moral brilliance of Iris Murdoch – The novelist and philosopher Iris Murdoch took on the most profound moral questions that we ordinary creatures grapple with.
“Iris Murdoch was a notable philosopher before she was a notable novelist and her work was brave, brilliant, and independent. She made her name first for her challenges to Gilbert Ryle and behaviourism, and later for her book on Sartre (1953), but she had the greatest impact with her work in moral philosophy—and especially her book The Sovereignty of Good (1970). She turned expectantly from British linguistic philosophy to continental existentialism, but was dissatisfied there too; she devised a philosophy and a style of philosophy that were distinctively her own. Murdoch aimed to draw out the implications, for metaphysics and the conception of the world, of rejecting the standard dichotomy of language into the ‘descriptive’ and the ’emotive’. She aimed, in Wittgensteinian spirit, to describe the phenomena of moral thinking more accurately than the ‘linguistic behaviourists’ like R. M. Hare. This ’empiricist’ task could be acheived, Murdoch thought, only with help from the idealist tradition of Kant, Hegel, and Bradley. And she combined with this a moral psychology, or theory of motivation, that went back to Plato, but was influenced by Freud and Simone Weil. Murdoch’s impact can be seen in the moral philosophy of John McDowell and, in different ways, in Richard Rorty and Charles Taylor, as well as in the recent movements under the headings of moral realism, particularism, moral perception, and virtue theory.”